How does a sewing machine work – Tips for beginners

When most people think of sewing machines, they recall the old-fashioned models with the foot pedal. However, there are now a variety of sewing machines on the market, from simple hand-held models to computerized versions with hundreds of built-in stitches. Regardless of their differences, all sewing machines have specific basic components in common. In this article, we will look at how does a sewing machine work and some of its key features.

What is a sewing machine?

A sewing machine is a machine that uses threads to sew cloth and materials together. Some clothing companies designed sewing machines to save time and reduce manual sewing machine operations. Currently, sewing machines are used more frequently, and at the same time, the garment industry has greatly improved its efficiency and productivity.

Electric sewing machines later replaced them. Industrial sewing machines’ features, functions, cost, and size are more extensive, faster, and cheaper than domestic sewing machines.

It will surprise you to hear this that if you still need slow, precise stitching, you can always find hand-operated sewing machines. Home sewing machines were designed for ordinary sewing by a single person.
Nowadays, sewing is done with the help of a sewing machine so that fabric can quickly move into and out of the machine without having to use thimbles and other sewing-related tools.
Initially, sewing machines operated using conventional hand turning or treadle processes.

Modern Sewing Machine (how does a sewing machine work)

Nowadays, most sewing machines (including brother sewing machines) are powered by electric motors. There is a lot of effort involved in passing a small needle through multiple layers of dense fabric, and feeding the structure is hard work. When you have ever sewed something like screens, you know how difficult it can be to twist and remove the fabric, but you can also get the job done with a sewing machine.

Sewing machines have an electronic motor usually found inside the main stem very close to where the electrical cord is plugged in. This motor is controlled by three different processes that work very closely together over time.

A combination of cam and cranks, two of these control the feed dog, a small, slotted set of teeth that pop up under the needle and pressure foot. One pushes up against the material, but the other pushes it for an adjustable amount.

This is a neat double-act: one approach lowers the feed dog upwards while the other slide it backward. Additionally, a crankshaft powered by an electric motor moves the needle up and down, while a fourth and final mechanism rotates the shuttle and attaches it to form the seam.

Most machines were mechanical in the 1970’s as well. Nowadays, almost everything is electric, controlled by microchips. Decorative sewing patterns can be created using modern sewing machines. These machines have a circuit board and a display to help you set them up in most cases.

How Does A Sewing Machine Work?

Did you ever wonder how your sewing machine works? Inside your sewing machine’s casing is a complex system of shafts, gears, and mechanisms that all work together to operate it. I will try combining needles and bobbins to create stitches. I will explain this in this blog as well. The chain stitch, the locking stitch, the cover stitch, the overlock stitch, and the zigzag stitch.

Feed Mechanism or Feed dog

The fabric moves forward in the sewing machine is called the feed mechanisms. Generally, it explains how the bobbin, needle, looper, auxiliary feed mechanisms parts, and the sewn fabric move by itself. The feed dog moves upward and forwards together through two interconnection systems driven by the main shaft.

It helps to create a beautiful stitch from the machine. Feed Dog does not only play a role in creating a decorative stitch. Along with this, the needle mechanism and the bobbin and the shuttle mechanism also act as the primary role. 

Needle Feed Mechanism

A sewing needle is a long slender tool with a fixed tip. Knitting needles have been widely used for sewing since ancient times. In ancient times people used sewing needles made of bone or wood. But in modern times, knitting needles are made of metallic materials such as carbon steel wire, nickel, or gold. Also, high-quality embroidery sewing needles make with platinum.

The needle usually carries the sewing thread. The needle drives by the sewing machine pass through the feed dog, and come up with another thread from the bobbin. In this way, the needle creates a beautiful stitch on the fabric.

Bobbin and shuttle Mechanism

The shuttle’s work synchronizes the suite’s movement of the upper suite and holds the bobbin. The shuttle shifts as the bobbin and needle interact. The bobbin process uses a hook that pushes the fabric through the needle while maintaining the top thread. As a result, a beautiful stitch makes on top of the fabric.

How To Create Stitch

Creating A Chain Stitch

A sewing machine creates a simple chain stitch by bypassing the needle through the material. The needle reaches its peak. The thread’s friction against the fabric generates a tiny loop at the bottom of the fabric structure. A circular needle catches the loop at the bottom of the work circle.
The material is moved forward via the loop project on the machine’s underside of the preceding stitch. The needle’s following drop goes through the previous loop. The needle repeats the operation by leaving the first loop and picking up the new one.
Two threads are used in the double chain stitch. Because it employs a lot of threads, it is utilized in machines except for ornamental purposes. It also applies to the packing of bulk materials.

 Creating A Lock-stitch:

When you employ your sewing machine, the needle lowers with fabric. After the needle reaches the deepest level, it begins to climb back through the structure. As the needle pulls, the stylus makes friction against the fabric.
And the thread forces the thread to form a loop on one side of the needle. The groove on one side of the needle helps the thread slip without friction. The needle can slide through the slot. So only a single loop can create on the opposite side of the groove.

Simultaneously,the bobbin shuttle grabs the circle of a hook thread and closes the bobbin, and attaches it to the thread. Two threads interlock around the fabric pieces to create a lock stitch.

Creating An Over-lock Stitch:

Overlock stitches form through one or two loops with one or two needles, two or four threads. Overlock stitch also is known as “serging or serger stitch.” Overlock sewing machines are usually equipped with knives. These knives make quick trims or edges during stitch formation. Sewing machines using two to four threads make the most common and different types of overlock stitch.
With five or more threads, overlock machines usually form a looper and a chain stitch using a needle. On the other hand, the remaining needles form an overlock stitch with loopers. This combination of sewing is known as protection stitch.


In this tutorial, we have covered how does a sewing machine works tips from start to finish. It’s a misconception that you will learn a “sewing machine” as soon as you read this blog. If you want to learn “how does a sewing machine work,” you need to spend a lot of time on your sewing machine. And it would help if you practiced with the mind.
After you read our blog, please reread another blog on different sites. In this way, if you read many websites’ blogs, you will get an accurate idea about the sewing machine. Or, if you don’t feel comfortable reading blogs, you can watch some videos from YouTube serial by serial. You will quickly learn “how to operate a sewing machine” After watching the video.

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